1. The phrase, “God counted him as righteous” is perhaps the primary theme of Romans 4. Compare this to Genesis 15:3 and the surrounding story. What does this mean in your own words?
2. Read Romans 4:4-5. What is the point of these two verses?
3. Most of Romans 4 focuses on Abraham, but in verses 6-8, Paul also mentions David. Why? What is he trying to say?
4. Romans 4 assumes a strong familiarity of the story of Abraham, which begins in Genesis 12. How familiar are you with the story? It may help to peruse the story again, particularly Genesis 12:1-8; 15:1-21; 17:1-21; 21:1-7; 22:1-19. See if you can identify threads from these Genesis passages to which Paul refers in Romans 4. Draw the analogies that you find.
5. Read Romans 4:25, regarding the work of Christ. Note these two phrases: “handed over to die because of our sins,” and “raised to life to make us right with God.” Is Paul simply saying the same thing twice, or is there a notable difference between the two. Discuss.
6. In one sentence, summarize the message of Romans 4.